Cervical Xray Extension viewThe function and anatomy of human neck are complicated as it lies close to brain and spinal cord. The bones of the neck are called cervical vertebrae. The cervical vertebrae support the head and they are responsible for the movement of neck and head.

Cervical vertebrae

Cervical vertebrae consist of seven ring shaped bones starting from skull to the thoracic vertebrae. They are the most delicate bones when compared to other vertebrae but and have an important role in maintaining the total health.

They look like a continuous stack of small units. C1, the first cervical vertebrate, originates from the skull, is called atlas. The atlas bone directly connects to the occipital bone of skull and forms the joint called atlanooccipital joint. This allows the head to lean forward and backward.

C2, the second vertebrae lies below C1 and is called the axis. The joint between axis and atlas is called the axisatlano joint C1-C2. As the axis name suggest this joint enables us to turn our head sideways.

The rest of the cervical vertebrae C3-C7 also contribute the movements described above but to a lesser degree. The C7 vertebrate is the last one among cervical vertebrae. It is also called prominent vertebrate which is palpable from the skin.

About a single cervical vertebrate

Above and below each vertebrate are flat surfaces, each having a slight upside projection and a downward shallowness. This is to fit properly for the adjacent vertebrae together. Anterior and posterior transverse processes are there for the passage of arteries, veins and nerves to and from the brain. Spinous process is a thick projection to the outside for the muscles to connect with it. Muscles such as trapezius and spinalis play the role in that. Body is the name given anatomically for the thickest part in each vertebrate. They manage the whole weight acting upon the vertebrae. The intervertebral disc that present between the vertebrate provides the neck some flexibility.

Importance in human body

The cervical vertebrae hold some important responsibilities like carrying weight of head and neck. It also protects the spinal cord.

The arteries and veins from and to the brain are also protected by the cervical vertebrae. The muscles attached to the spinous process give flexibility and motion in the neck. This includes the rotation of the head as well as the leaning back and forth. Hence protection of this area has of uttermost importance.

Recommended treatments

Diagnostic Skills
Trained in Orthopaedics
Manual Therapy Usage
Exercise Advice Usage
Diagnostic Skills
Trained in Orthopaedics
Manual Therapy Usage
Exercise Advice Usage

All our acupuncturist are highly skilled in the use of acupuncture for Neck pain. We use both Traditional and Medical Acupuncture dependant upon the practitioners chose or individuals suitability.

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