Anxiety Fact sheet
- Rapid heart rate and/or breathing
- Digestive issues
- Muscular aches and pains
- Shaking or tremors
- Pins and needles
- Sleep disturbances
- Fatigue or lethargy
- Excessive sweating
- Frequent urination
- Dry mouth
- Feeling tense, restless or ‘on edge’
- Lack of concentration
- Irritability or short temper
- Feeling a sense of dread, or fearing the worst
- Ruminating on the same thoughts about situations or experiences
- Racing mind
- Feeling numb or disengaged
Specific Diagnoses for Anxiety Disorders:
- Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
- Panic Disorder
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Other psychiatric disorders
- Alcoholism or substance misuse
Your GP may order blood tests or do a physical examination to rule out any other conditions.
Psychological interventions include:
- Individual or group self-help courses (online, in person or from textbooks) recommended by the GP.
- Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
- Mindfulness and Applied Relaxation techniques
Pharmaceutical Prescription Medications include:
- Antidepressants – such as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs), Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) or Tricyclics.
- Beta-Blockers (e.g. Propanolol) may be prescribed to help manage some of the symptoms of anxiety, such as heart palpitations.
- Benzodiazepines (e.g. Diazepam) – fast-acting medication with sedative actions. Only prescribed for short-term use.
- Pregabalin (e.g. Lyrica) – an anti-convulsant which is also licensed for use in anxiety disorders.