Meniscus Tear is a painful condition involving the fibrocartilage of the knee joint. .
Within each knee joint there are two fibrocartilage structures called the menisci. The menisci enhance joint stability, act as shock absorbers by spreading the load on the articular surfaces of the knee and they play a part in providing lubrication of the joint.
Meniscus tears are small defects within the fibrocartilage which can occur due to an acute injury for example a direct blow to the knee or a forceful twisting of the leg in sport.
The menisci become less resilient with age and more simple movements can lead to a tear.
Signs & Symptoms
- Intermittent locking, giving way and/or catching sensations of the knee.
- Clicking, snapping, popping and/or grinding sensations of the knee.
- Pain within the joint line of the knee.
- A reduced range of movement of the knee joint especially into extension.
- Slow gradual swelling.
- Pain on deep flexion (squatting/crouching), fully extending knee, twisting, walking up/down stairs and hills.
- With an acute injury there is often a rapid onset of pain following a specific event.
- A degenerative tear can cause a more subtle pain that gets progressively worse.
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